Education

Who wrote the Magna Carta?

The Magna Carta, or Great Charter, is an English medieval
document drawn up in 1215 by King John’s barons in feudal
times. The barons were tired of having a king who could
punish according to whim and the Magna Carta was a document
that sought to curtail this power and give every freeman (non-serf)
certain rights.
King John signed the document, although his intent was simply
to bring the barons over to his side, as civil war was brewing and
Prince Louis of France was threatening to invade. He had no intention
of honouring the document. But after King John’s death in October
1216, the Magna Carta was copied and frequently used to show the
sovereign was bound by law. Indeed, it has proved to be one of the
most important civil rights movements in British history.
A 1297 copy of the Magna Carta has been preserved by the National
Archives Conservation Lab by putting it in a case filled with the noble
gas argon to prevent damage from oxidation. The case itself was
hollowed out of a 15-centimetre (six-inch) block of aluminium in order
to reduce creases through which the gas might leak.

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