Smart technology is blurring the boundaries between digital and physical world. Smarter production methods are taking over the traditional ones. The smart industry has made our human life easier and advanced and this is based on the cyber-physical production system that combines communication, IT, data and the physical element. Industrial developments and advancements are now one of the most talked and concerned parts of the world’s business and technology. The history of industrial production and manufacturing process and the new integrated smart technology in different machines and industries should be known for the future development of the industry.
History of industrial production and manufacturing process
The industrial revolution brought a change in the way goods are manufactured. Instead of manufacturing items by hand at home manufacturing began using machines to produce multiple quantities in less time. Industrialization marked a shift to powered special purpose machinery factory and mass production. The history started as:
18th century – Industry 1.0: mechanical production powered by water and steam.
20th century – Industry 2.0: mass production based on the division of labor and powered by the electrical energy.
70s – Industry 3.0: Electronics and IT for a further automation of production.
Industrial developments and advancements are now one of the most talked and concerned parts of the world’s business and technology.
Today – Industry 4.0: Cyber-physical production system.Smarter technologies are now used for the industrial uplift and large production of goods at a limited time with increased efficiency and precision that is beyond human comprehensive capability.
A controlled circuit, microprocessor, PLC (Program Logic Controller) and PCs are used at today’s machines. Smart machines of today include either protagonist or diagnostic capabilities, where machines programming interfaces with sensors and can display messages providing guidance to people for what repair maintenance is required.
For example hydraulics industry has entered the smarter machine movement because it has reduced energy consumption, has developed control system.
The digital industry is a new term to describe a wide range of work in information technology, computer programming, software development, high tech electronics, information system and web games, and multimedia development. Digital Industry has been playing a vital role to simplify the industrial manufacturing and production using cloud computing with the series of smart equipment providing or feeding the necessary data to the operator.
During the information age, the phenomenon is that the digital industry creates a knowledge-based society surrounded by a high-tech global economy that spans over its influences on how the manufacturing through it and the services sector operate in an efficient and convenient way.
Future factories and their frameworks
The trend of the ever changing intelligent machine will only continue. As customers seek better controls, longer lasting components, easier and reduced maintenance and improved efficiency, machines will push ahead into new forms of intelligence.
Efficiency has been a particular challenge for the hydraulics industry. While the products are robust and reliable, with high power density, efficiency improvements have not come as easily when compared to alternative power sources.
Smarter components and system configurations have made strides in this area, and as new features are created and new integration possible, the conversation may change around the efficiency of hydraulics. So far, the industry is watching this play out in variable frequency drive technology, where a variable speed electric motor, rather than a fixed motor, drives hydraulic pumps to increase industrial equipment efficiency.
Prognostic and diagnostic capabilities will advance as well, though it is difficult to see where they will go and how far. Communicating this information is a key as well, and wireless communication will take on a larger role.
The industry is moving towards this technology now, and the trend will grow. With the capability to wirelessly share information from an industrial machine, the right people can be alerted immediately to an issue, rather than needing to go through the protocols of the hard wired systems.
Challenges in integration of system
Development is a slow process. As we move forward the space decreases. The more advancement the more difficult it will be to implement. The execution problem, high cost for the advanced technologies, skilled manpower maintenance, and the risk of human life can be seen as challenges in integrating such system to complicated process.
Smart Industry Revolutionizing in my community
Panchakanya TMT steel bar which is Nepal first steel industry can be a good example of smart industry revolutionizing our community. It manufactures new generation high strength ribbed reinforcement bar with thermal cooling technology. Thus, with the further human needs, the development and advancements in industrial sector improve with different smart technologies.